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In many instances Palms represent the only vegetation type (for example Nipa fruticans alone covers hundreds of hectares of forests in Borneo and Sumatra) or again they may combine with other species as it is the case with the rain forests in Central and South America or in mangrove formations along rivers or over areas periodically undergoing floods.
Within the same tropical belt, a different habitat is that formed by high mountains where temperatures as far lower; here some Palms such as Trachycarpus fortunei, Phoenix reclinata, Chamadorea, Calamus, Pinanga may grow up to 3,000 m a.s.l. or even to 4,000 m a.s.l. (for example Ceroxylon utile in Colombia).